Computer Crime Term Paper

Introduction
What does a 13-year-old girl; a musician, an online banker and an intergovernmental organization have in common? The answer is they are all potential victims for criminal computer activity (Goucher, 2010). With the fast-growth of the use of the Internet and the World Wide Web, the world has been experiencing a rapid rise in the rate of computer-related crime. This rise has created controversy and commotion in regarding the courts’ involvement of cyberspace. Some even say that law enforcement is creating an overregulated cyberspace environment, an opinion contrary to that of the past. This paper examines the broad nature of the phenomena of computer crime and the actors behind it. Along with a description of different types of computer crime, this paper provides an introduction to the psychology of computer criminals and computer crime prevention techniques. This paper also provides statistical data on the most common types of computer crime experienced and the greatest concerns for future attacks by past and potential victims.

Definition and Classification of Computer Crime
One definition of computer crime, also known as cybercrime, divides crimes into three categories: where the computer is the target, where the computer is a tool used to execute the crime, and crimes where the computer is incidental to other crimes (Goodman, 1997). Carter (1995) gives a similar definition, but here he expands computer crime into a fourth category: crimes associated with the prevalence of computers. The following four categories of computer crime do not necessarily indicate that one crime must only fit in one category. Classifications may overlap as a criminal transaction takes place. Continue reading

Different Methods of Irrigation Essay

Irrigation has been known for as long as people have been cultivating plants. Irrigation is the controlled process of using water for crops where rainfall is not enough. This process is vital for the human race, because through it and agriculture the population of the earth is supplied with enough food. Except for drinking water, water for agriculture is the most important use of water – about 60 per cent of the entire world’s fresh water reserves are used for irrigation. Without it, growing crops will be impossible for many nations and there will be shortage of the food supply.

Many different irrigation methods are used around the world, depending on the financial resources, water supply and the type of crops. Continue reading

Essay on Code of Ethics in the Organization

Our organization understands the importance of a clearly defined code of ethics as part of its set of rules and policies. The organization’s ethics policy statement is quite comprehensive, and can be described in three levels: code of ethics, code of practice and code of conduct (IFAC, 2006).

The code of ethics defines the purpose and value of the company in regard to its stakeholders. It helps managers and other employees to understand the context of ethics in the organization and also defines the obligations of the employees to one another.

The code of practice takes a further step. Here, value propositions are translated to organization-wide principles. By doing so, ethics is emphasizes as any other mission of the organization. In other words, just as an employee understands that she must increase sales in order to help the company to grow, her commitment to the ethical codes of conduct discussed below has the same roots in the company’s mission statements. The practices also help to make every employee an ethical decision-maker. Continue reading

Essay: Should Sex and Violence on Television Be Restricted?

In a world where sex and violence is part of our everyday lives, not only in fictional form, but also in our neighborhoods, among our friends, in many parts of the world and even on the kid’s playground, it is very hard to restrict television from showing scenes containing graphic images not meant for all audiences to see. It is difficult to go without seeing these images of violence or speaking about sex because it is everywhere. The better question is whether sex and violence should be restricted in order to protect young children from such images? Due to the influence that television has on children and teenagers, sex and violence needs to be restricted on television in order to minimize the negative effects of what is being broadcast. Continue reading

Schizophrenia Term Paper

According to the Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-IV), schizophrenia stands for a persistent, often chronic and usually serious mental disorder influencing various behavioral, thinking, and emotional aspects of an individual. The symptoms for this disorder vary a lot, and may include delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior etc (APA, 2000).

Although these and other symptoms of schizophrenia have been described long ago, the term and the precise concept of the disorder have not been defined in the literature until the end of the 19th century. Schizophrenia’s first name, created around the last decade of the 19th century by Emil Kraepelin, a German psychiatrist, was “Dementia Praecox”. Later, Eugen Bleuler, a Swiss psychiatrist, called it “the splitted mind” in Greek, therefore inventing the generally accepted term for the disorder. Schizophrenia is a comparatively unexplored mental disorder even in the 21st century: the scholars still argue on the possible causes and treatments for it, and continue their studies in different spheres of scientific research to determine and prove them. Continue reading

Shakespeare’s “Romeo and Juliet” Essay

1. Shakespeare’s play “Romeo and Juliet”, while definitely belonging to the tragedy type, includes comic moments that remind us of the author’s great gift as comedy writer. These elements serve to offer the viewer/reader a break from the pathos of the story and return to the down-to-earth reality.

They also remind the audience that for all their high aspirations, the characters in the play are youngsters for the most part, not alien to fun and jokes common to many in their age.

Most of more or less comic scenes feature Juliet’s nurse – a warm-hearted and witty lady. Thus, in Act 2, Scene 4, she engages in a comic dialogue with Romeo’s friend Mercutio. When the nurse steps on the balcony and asks a page to bring her a fan, Mercutio remarks “Good Peter, to hide her face; for her fan’s the fairer face”. The subsequent dialogue rotates around boys’ jokes about the woman’s lack of beauty. This little exchange comes after an elevated debate about the nature of love and reminds the reader that this is in fact a crowd of young guys even if they engage in intellectual talk at times. Continue reading

My Visit to the Museum Essay

The international exhibition of paintings at the Frick Collection is a pearl of human culture, whose importance and features are impossible to describe in such a short paper. Out of the vast selection of works, I have chosen two paintings and shall refer to them in greater detail: Titian’s 1516 Portrait of a Man in a Red Cap and Goya’s 1824 Portrait of a Lady.

Tiziano Vecellio (1477/90-1576), better known as Titian, was a Venetian renaissance artist, a representative of his town’s slightly different approach to art and the role of the artist. That is, while the much more famous Florentine movement referred to art as a science and expanded their work far beyond the visual crafts, Titian and other Venetians supported their court patrons’ interest in beauty and luxury (Feldman, 77, 90). Continue reading

Same-Sex Marriage Term Paper

Apart from legal or religious definitions, marriage can be described as an extended relationship between two (or, in case of polygamy, among more then two) individuals and usually has the following features:

  1. a sexual relationship;
  2. an expected procreation;
  3. an existence of expectations or agreements to provide support for one another; and
  4. a ceremonial event formalizing the fact of marriage (Palmer, 1998, p.119).

At the same time Palmer points out that „none of these is a necessary condition, and if they are logically sufficient conditions when taken jointly, it is probably because of the inclusion of feature number four” (Palmer, 1998, p.119). The same-sex partnerships are compatible with all three major features of traditional marriage, being sex, procreation and support, which makes the forth feature, ceremony, merely a formality.

A compliance of the same-sex partnership with the first feature of marriage, a sexual relationship between spouses, is self-evident. While opponents of the same-sex marriages may claim that the same-sex intimacy is „unnatural”, technically, the condition of a sexual relationship within the same-sex partnerships is met, though certain controversy regarding procreation aspect of such sex may exist. Continue reading

Analysis Essay Sample

1. Analyze the essay in relation to its portrayal of the workplace
Generally speaking, Angelou’s account describes cotton-picking as a seasonal job, which does not pay enough to earn a man’s lunch, nor to provide for a family. However, the author’s portrayal of this workplace goes beyond the basic facts to discuss the spirit of the workers and the atmosphere before the men leave to the field and after they come back.

Neither the workers, nor the narrator’s grandmother who sells them groceries for lunch, are unaware how the day will end. They all know that the work will not even allow them to pay the grandmother back. Nonetheless, all parties start the day with great optimism: after walking miles to the store, the men are “laughing, joking, boasting and bragging,” whereas the grandmother praises God for not letting her seeing the new day.

It seems that sound optimism, professional pride and cheer are the only thing those people have when they start the day, as they know “that they are going to end it as they started it” – disappointed, injured and without any reasonable income. Continue reading

Essay on Cultural Values in Today’s Society

Introduction
As derivatives of macro-level factors such as cultural values and narratives, norms prescribe sets of behavioral patterns, whose premise is to confine the individual’s behavior with societal expectations. In this context, societies use sanctions to convey norms and to encourage people to follow them. In many cases, cultural values that are not supported with a clear and effective set of sanctions (i.e. lack positive and/or negative sanctions associated with them) are considered as less dominate in a society, as in the case of altruism in most American cultures (Batson and Powel 478). This paper illustrates these points by examining two common values in our culture and the sanctions attached to them. Continue reading