Thomas Hobbes is a great English philosopher who is best known for his political researches and investigations. He integrated political thought and philosophy and proposed his own model of the state structure providing it with philosophical explanations. Hobbes is famous for his materialistic point of view. His most famous work that is even nowadays the subject of much controversy is Leviathan. The book was written in 1651 during the period of English Civil war.
Hobbs got a proper education at Oxford and then was the tutor for the son of William Cavendish and the Earl of Devonshire. He was engaged in the English Civil War and in 1640 he was made to leave England for France. Nevertheless, in France he continued his scientific and public work and maintained close contact with European scientists, especially with René Descartes and Galileo.
Hobbes’s philosophical treasure is great. According to Hobbes the main subject of philosophy could be only motion and matter. Leviathan is dedicated to the description of solitary, brutish and short life. Hobbes proclaims that the main aim moral rules had being designed for was to avoid chaos. And though in his previous works he disputed the social authority of a monarch and claimed that social authority can come from people only he turned to different point of view in his Leviathan. Not before the Leviathan was published Hobbes received sanction to come back to England. Hobbes was favored by King Charles II after his Restoration in 1660. Continue reading
One should start by saying that Internet censorship is a legally similar to any other censorship of offline material (books, audio, video and other material). The major difference between internet and offline censorships is that national borders are more permeable through the internet as well as entry barriers for internet use are lowered. The majority of information that is banned in a certain country can be easily found online through websites hosted outside that country. Therefore, the attempts of a government in one country to prevent its citizens from having access to some information also will place some restrictions on foreigners since the government typically would take some action against existing internet sites anywhere in the world that have material the government strives to object. In the following essay I will speak about the internet censorship, point out some of the recent censorship instances, comment on the ways how the governments can limit the internet access and how that government control can be overcome as well as what one needs to do to assure that his/her information can be still available on the internet even if she/he lives in the country that imposes limits on the use of internet and information sharing. Continue reading
Culture industry is a relatively new notion but nowadays it is a part of everyday life and practically all individuals are influenced by it regardless there own will. At the same time culture industry is the result of high level of development of the contemporary society and high level of socio-economic and technological development which led to the creation of the society which is often labelled as consumerist society. In such a situation mass consumption is a basis of socio-economic progress but it negatively affects cultural sphere of life since it results in mass culture, and development of what is known as culture industry which actually produces not unique cultural product but, in contrast, represents a sort of conveyer where culture has become an object of mass production.
Unfortunately, such a culture is of a very low quality and extremely deceitful. However, strangely enough, people prefer to be deceived and they choose mass culture and culture industry sometimes without their own will. Continue reading
It is obvious that there are beneficial technologies, such as the ones used in the manufacture of kitchen utensils and efficient pharmaceuticals. It is equally evident that there are maleficent technologies, such as those of mass murder and the manipulation of public opinion. There are also double-edged technologies, such as those employed in the manufacture of television sets, the organization of firms, or the design of legal codes or public policies. Indeed, television may entertain and educate, or it may habituate us to violence and vulgarity. The legal craft can defend or condemn the innocent. And a public policy may benefit the rich or the poor, everyone or no one.
Because technology is rarely neutral, it is only natural that most people are either technophiles or technophobes. However, most technophobes have no qualms using high-tech artifacts, and some technophiles worship technologies they do not understand. An example of inconsistent technophobia is the existentialist who writes his nonsense on a word processor. And a case of blind technophile is that of the bedouin whom my friend Dan Seni caught in the act of kneeling before a computer – the Westerner’s newest deity.
Information technology is an ambivalent technology, because it concerns only the processing and transmission of messages, not their content or meaning. An information net may diffuse knowledge or propaganda, poems or insults, calls to compassion or to violence. Because of this ambivalence, humanists have something to say about the information revolution: we have to find out what is good and what is bad about the information revolution, as well as what is true and what is false about the strident info hype. Continue reading
1. Public relations serves many kinds of institutions, different businesses, trade unions, voluntary associations and groups, government agencies, foundations, schools, religious institutions and so on.
So we could separate the following functions of public relations:
- Anticipating, analyzing and interpreting the public attitudes, opinion and matters that might influence either positively or negatively the plans and work of the organizations.
- Management of all levels of organization, taking into account policy decisions, ways of actions, communications, the social responsibilities of the organization.
- Constantly researching and evaluating the programs for action and communication in order to present the facts to the public so that they are easily understood and thus the main aims of the organization should be achieved.
- Planning and implementing the directions in order either to influence or to change the public policy. This includes as well all the necessary steps to achieve it such as for example: planning the budget, recruiting and training the staff, developing facilities and managing the existing resources.
Sometimes, students have to prepare a research paper about the definite profession and career making. On the one hand, the task sounds easy. In fact, one should devote much time to study the depth of every career if he wants to understand its pros and cons. Moreover, one should learn about the factors that influence the process of career making. Thus, the assignment is challenging and requires original approach. You can learn how to create a successful research paper about career if you read these simple instructions.
Prepare for Research Paper Writing
- Study the Elements of Your Career. It is difficult to complete a good research paper if your knowledge is poor. Students are expected to read about the topic of their assignment if they want to create a scientific academic paper. You should go to the library and find several books that explain the chosen profession and its structure in detail. In addition, it is wise to read something about the general approach towards career making. The basic general knowledge will let you understand the major principle of any career analysis. When you catch the algorithm, you will realize how to research any occupation starting from medicine and business and finishing with political activity.
- Find the Most Credible Sources. You will improve the quality of your academic paper about career if you find the best books and articles that observe this subject in the objective light. You can ask your teacher to help find the right books on business and management if you want to understand the problem of career making. If you take advantage of out-of-date or poor-quality publications, you will hardly compose a newsworthy paper. Your task is to find something new and fascinating. Therefore, make sure your sources are reliable and noteworthy.
Stamp Act Term Paper:
The Stamp Act of 1765 is a parliamentary act of Great Britain that touched upon the colonies of British America. This document was based on the imposition of the direct tax on the Thirteen Colonies. The main idea of this document was to make British colonies print their books, newspapers, playing cards and other printed materials on the stamped paper that was produced in London. The Crown made this decision to improve its financial condition, because the treasury of Great Britain required gold. Obviously, the Parliament decided to impose taxes on the country’s colonies. It was impossible to print the smallest announcement without the stamp of the Crown. It is natural that this policy was met violently. People were not ready to such unexpected and meaningless taxes and they protested furiously. The Stamp Act of 1765 caused severe protests in all cities of British America. Continue reading
Term Paper on No Child Left Behind Act:
No Child Left Behind Act is a document adopted on 2001 that is associated with the improvement of elementary and secondary education in the USA. It is obvious that students are different and their potential is different too. It is impossible to create a standard system of education that will satisfy every student. The US Congress decided to invent the best system that would be useful to all students. No Child Left Behind Act is based on the idea that every child has the right to receive education and that it is impossible to treat children with different potential equally.
This Act provided states with the right to set the local standards of education. For example, if a school cannot boast of excellent results of its students, it has the right to set its own minimum level of knowledge that is acceptable in this state. Years ago every school paid attention to the smartest students. Weaker students did not have a chance to learn the same information, because of their weaker potential. In simple words, the system of education focused on gifted students, while other students felt neglected. Continue reading
Dead Poets Society Analysis Term Paper:
Dead Poets Society is a famous drama film shot in the USA in 1989. This film was directed by Peter Weir and the main role was played by Robin Williams. The action takes place in Welton Academy for aristocratic students in Vermont in 1959. Dead Poets Society is about English language and literature teacher John Keating who decided to inspire his students to change something in their boring everyday lives and encouraged their fascination with poetry and literature. John Keating is a new teacher in a conservative academy. Everyday life and activity of students is controlled strictly by the officials of this academy. He decided to help his students develop their spiritual side and he conducted his lessons in the original manner. Continue reading
Industry Analysis Term Paper:
Industry analysis is a process that is characterized with the attempt of entrepreneurs to study and evaluate the current business environment. It is obvious, that every businessperson who wants to start his business should conduct industry analysis attentively.
The main idea of industry analysis is to understand whether the current situation on the market and political situation in the country are safe for business. This issue is very important for small business that is very vulnerable to any changes of this kind. Industry analysis is an integral part of a business plan and when an entrepreneur wants to start his small business, he studies the market, its components, political freedom and social issues that influence success of every business. This analysis starts with the profound research of competitors. One should know his rivals well in order to be able to co-exist with them. Continue reading