In my life, I have come across many people who held different views and came from different backgrounds that contrasted sharply with my own. These contrasts strike one as unusual at first, but with time comes the realization that these are also excellent opportunities for growth that emerge from understanding that the value of the human being is not dependent on views and cultural assumptions.
My most thought-provoking experience of this kind was the school trip to Europe in which I participated with some of my school friends. As we spent over a month in one city, we were placed in apartments rather than hotel, and I happened to have a Muslim guy, Abdul, for a roommate. To start with, I want to say that we never had any conflict as he personally turned out to have a mild and open disposition, welcoming to people of other backgrounds and willing to embrace difference. I tried to show the same attitude – and we got along quite nicely. Continue reading
Last high school year I was taking a course in world literature. By that time I’ve read through the majority of works included in the course and had a distinctive opinion about each work the course featured. Moreover, during the summer break that preceded my lash year I attended a high-level international summer school on world heritage.
The teacher of world was notorious for her strictness and authoritarian style of teaching. The first lesson revealed that the course was no pleasure or use to me. Attendance obligatory, I was doomed to waste my time listening to familiar commonplace. My classmates didn’t take an active interest in the subject so class discussions lacked depth and insight.
McDonaldization of society compared to In this essay I’m going to focus first on the critique of Orthodox Marxism and then I’ll proceed with the examples of McDonaldization of society.
Ritzer criticized Orthodox Marxism using a variety of approaches. For instance, Marxist idea of class conflict was opposed to Ritzer’s claim that modern society (or modern bureaucracy) is a self-regulating, constantly developing, efficient and profitable organization. Capitalism has been rooted so deeply in the society of McDonald’s era that class conflict becomes more of a utopia than reality.
The main features of the process of McDonaldization of society include Efficiency, Calculability, Predictability, Increased Control, and the Replacement of Human by Non-human Technology. So, in a capitalist organization every movement by a worker is calculated, and there are clearly established rules to follow. Thus, the possibility of class conflict is decreased by this web of restrictions imposed on an employee. Continue reading
The way a team plays as a whole determines its success.
You may have the greatest bunch of individual stars in the world,
but if they don’t play together, the club won’t be worth a dime.
Babe Ruth (George Herman Ruth, American baseball player)
One may think it is not an easy task to define teamwork. This notion is associated with numerous kinds of activities – sports, work, active leisure, and the effective goal-reaching. I bet each person images a different thing when he or she tries to visualize teamwork. The only thing they probably have in common is – the reason: what teamwork is for – the effectiveness. Why is teamwork associated with effectiveness, although it is not always true? Continue reading
Shamanism is a term used in Europe to describe people from different tribes who performed different rites. In different tribes Shamans perform different functions. Mostly they were treated like doctors or people who know medicine. Some people also believe that shamans have ability to communicate with spirits. The term itself derives from Tungus language used in Siberia, Russia. At the present moment shamanism exists in different places of the world and should be treated as global phenomenon. Many scientists regard shamanism as archaic phenomenon which derives from pagan religions. There is another group of scholars who treat Shamanism as abnormal phenomenon.
Attitude to shamanism greatly changed with the flow of time. First Christian missionaries who discovered the tribes and shamans treated them as healers, who used the help of devil. Such an attitude reflected an attitude of “civilized” Europe to new phenomenon from another culture. This attitude is explained to great extend by Christian doctrine, which did not recognize other religions and confessions. Shamanism was treated as competitive force, which had a lot of adherents. An attitude to shamanism in the nineteenth century did not change to great expand. Most people from civilized countries still treated it hostilely. An accent on the serving to devil was not so strong during this time. At the same time shamanism and communication with spirits was still treated like a fantasy and daydreaming of people who used it in order to manipulate others. This attitude also reflected prejudices which existed at that time. Changes in attitude, which occurred in the beginning of the twentieth century did not bring much faith in shamanism. Continue reading
There are times in our lives, when only the power of elocution and rhetoric are able to change the situation. The ability to convince and persuade is needed almost every day – with our teachers, colleagues, partners, and other people surrounding us. This vital ability is especially needed with the life of an individual is easily made public – especially the politicians. The history of the world, as well as the history of the United States, is full of scandals and costly blunders, and only those politicians, who were able to publicly declare their attitude to some event or even admit their faults, were able to recover and rehabilitate in the eyes of the society.
When the far-famed Lewinsky scandal or “Monicagate” took place in 1998, President Clinton had a hard time denying the facts first, and then, when the credibility was lost completely and then facing the impeachment trial. He was impeached on December 19, 1998 by the House of Representatives and subsequently acquitted by the Senate on February 12, 1999. Not only he faced charges of perjury and obstruction of justice, he totally lost face in the eyes on the nation and the whole world. Denying the truth is certainly wrong, but if one thinks over the situation, he or she would certainly find the motives and reasons of such behavior. Continue reading
Before deciding to choose finance as my course of life, and achieving Master of Business Administration in Finance, with double focus in Finance and Project Management, I have worked at the Marriott Hotel first as a Cross Training Assistant Controller and then as the Operations Manager.
During my work as Cross Training Assistant Controller for 3 years at Marriott, I have analyzed, planned and interpreted the financial results, prepared monthly and quarterly financial balance sheet and P&L forecasts. In addition, I have performed monthly financial statement, departmental budget variance analysis and identified issues for management and board response and further action.
1. After the promotion to the Operations Manager position, I had a four-year-experience in event management operations. My key responsibilities were: preparation and analysis of budget, forecasting, and expenditures; goal setting, business strategy coordination, pricing of event management products and services for customers, and much more.
Nowadays the problem of nutrition is getting to be one of the most important in the contemporary world and involves practically all countries and companies operating in this segment of the market. The problem is to a significant extent caused not only by the lack of food that is typical for some developing and underdeveloped countries but also by the quality of food which is common for all countries, including such a powerful and rich ones as the USA.
In recent years, in addition to obesity caused by malnutrition, the US specialists revealed the great danger hidden in such a product as salt which is consumed by Americans daily and often in unlimited quantity. Not surprisingly that this problem provoked numerous discussions and involved mass media. In this respect, the article “The War Over Salt” is particularly noteworthy because it takes into consideration different positions of practically all participants of the conflict: companies, state institutions and agencies, scientists, and consumers. Moreover, this article not simply raises the problem but it reveals the potential threat hidden in the present situation when salt supply and demand remain unchanged.
One of the most efficient innovations in the sphere of information and communication technology is video conference calling, that enables numerous participants that are physically located at different parts of the world not only communicate with each other, but also actually see each other. (Baptist, 2000) While this seems to only minor improvement from the first point of view, actually, when it comes to big businesses and huge deals, it plays a crucial role to see your potential partners/allies, since non verbal communication plays a great role in the process of project and counter party evaluation alike. Therefore, it is apparent that for international corporations and their management, video conference calling becomes one of the most useful tolls in their everyday activities. Continue reading
The key document that lays down the principles of controlling in Martha Stewart Enterprises is titled ‘Corporate Governance Guidelines’. It establishes roles and responsibilities of the Board of Directors, which is the ultimate decision making body elected by the shareholders. It also specifies how the Chairman of the Board and CEO are elected as well as their functions and competences.
All three standing committees of the Board (an Audit Committee, a Compensation Committee and a Nominating and Corporate Governance Committee) are actively involved in controlling. Audit Committee is the central body responsible for the control over financial matters of the corporation. The position of Chief Financial Officer has been introduced to achieve more effectiveness and transparency in corporate finance. Continue reading