For me, philosophy is not only a science but also the opportunity to find the answers to some fundamental questions of life. I think that it can give solutions for those who seek for them. At the same time, it can mix up thoughts for those who don’t have an opinion of their own and count only on other views.
People wanted to get the answer to eternal questions since the humankind appeared. People need explanations for the reason of their living, understand the sense of their existence and the higher forces, which influence their lives. People turned to myth in the beginning. Religion derives from legend, and it is a more complicated form of methodology. Religion is based on faith but human mind developed and needed more and more rational explanations, and thus philosophy appeared. Its main aim was to give reasonable answers to the central questions of existence. Continue reading
The problem of wrongful conviction is not new in judicial practice. It’s a well-known fact that the human factor in legal practice contributes most to the unlawful court decision and opinions, as sometimes it’s impossible to determine truth, especially in the cases with lack of evidence. Until recent times when there existed no technical and scientific methods, and merely the judicial procedures in courts and level of expertise were of a low quality the number of wrongfully convicted was great. Today when some expertise methods are available to criminologists the probability of wrongful conviction is reduced but such cases happen shocking public opinion about justice standards in the country.
Today it became possible to revise cases insisting on additional expertise as new scientific methods such as DNA analysis became available for criminologists and conclusions with the help of this technique draw a clear and distinct picture about the relationship of a particular individual to a specific case. Continue reading
They made love,
they made money, and they made a little history.
– E. Tiber
It’s hard to find a person who wouldn’t know the name, Woodstock. It may mean different things to different people, but everybody knows about it. For the participants and those who wanted to get there, Woodstock became the holiday of freedom and love. For opponents of the hippie movement, it was a noise meeting of drunk and drug addict youth. Some people regard it as a culmination of the “hippie era” and the celebration of the counterculture. Arnold Skolnick, an artist who designed the symbol of Woodstock, described this event as “something was tapped, a nerve, in this country. And everybody just came.”(Tiber, http://www.woodstock69.com/wsrprnt2.htm).
Officially Woodstock is remembered as the most prominent rock-festival, which place in August 1969. Continue reading
Booker Taliaferro Washington was a remarkable figure in American history. Usually, this phrase states that he was an icon of the history of Blacks in American, but I firmly deem that we shouldn’t underestimate his role in the national history of the United States.
Booker T. Washington began his life as a slave in slavery, in Virginia, on April 5, 1856. After the abolition of slavery, he had to work in salt and coal mines since early teens to earn his living and support his family. He was a promising child of outstanding intellectual abilities.
Unfortunately, he encountered many problems while trying to receive school education. It was only when he turned sixteen that he was allowed to leave work to go to school. Booker’s parents could afford education for his son, but the boy became independent and self-sufficient very early. His lust for knowledge was so intense that he walked 200 miles on foot to take classes at the Hampton Institute in Virginia. He had to work as a janitor to pay for his studies and board. Continue reading
Only the educated are free, – goes a famous quote of Epictetus, an ancient Roman philosopher. I totally agree with this expression. I would only add that to be free the one needs to be healthy as well. I think anybody will share my opinion. Indeed, ill or poorly educated people will hardly feel themselves free and happy. Therefore, as a result many educated and healthy people can make strong, happy, and free nation. A large number of developed countries have already realized and embodied this thesis. However, in most of developing countries the situation is drastically different.
The distinctions between developed countries and the ones that are still developing are often very significant. The causes of such differences include diverse factors, such as historical, economical, political, social, and many more. Continue reading
‘I think that I shall never see
A billboard lovely as a tree
Perhaps unless the billboard fall
I’ll never see a tree at all.’
To my opinion, one of the most considerable problems of the world is the ecological one.
All of us face it every day, and no one can find the solution of it. We pay the price for the benefits of our industrial society. The risk of a nuclear accident, a waste train derailed, a chemical works explosion, a poisoned water supply, lead dust in the playground or asbestos in the home, are hazards we face daily. Cancer deaths increase our concern. Official secrecy makes matters worse.
Poor control of pesticides on the farm, the sites of dangerous factories, land disposal plans for nuclear waste – facts hidden from nearby communities. We suffer the accidents, noise, and stress of cities choked by traffic. Every day we waste energy and live in a throw-away dreamland. Continue reading
To understand what motivated Mary Wollstonecraft to write Frankenstein one needs to understand thoroughly her background and life story which led her to the literary works and successes. I will argue that Frankenstein was created as Mary’s view of her current life with her husband, where the monster would be his ex-wife and Mary would associate herself with Dr. Frankenstein. Later one will see that Mary’s life resembles the story.
Mary Wollstonecraft was born in London in 1797 on August 30 to the parents involved in the literary works. The mother of Mary, Wollstonecraft was the well-known author of a Vindication of the Rights of Women, a contemporary feminist masterpiece that would encourage females to think and act for themselves without relying much on men as it was customarily at that time (Casson, 206). Mary’s mother died when giving birth to Mary, leaving Mary up to her father, William Godwin to take care of her (Foster, 290). William Godwin was a member of a radical group of English thinkers who together with Thomas Paine and William Blake would push forward novel ideas (Koontz, 2002, 251). As a result of being brought up by her father, Mary would be exposed to cutting age, provocative and modern ideas of her time which in turn is said to have contributed to her connection with Lord Byron (Stoker, 349). Continue reading
“A Beautiful Mind” is the movie which goes far beyond the Hollywood template of a refined genre with a foreseeable outcome. It depicts a man whom nature granted a rare gift in mathematics but who had to sacrifice something in return. In John Nash’s case, it is his mental health. His psychiatric disorders affect his work and his closest people throughout his whole life and have some manifestations he is not aware of. Although he is surrounded by devoted people, notably his wife and friends, it takes him longer to learn to live with his disease and to distinguish reality from illusion.
John Nash has an advanced form of schizophrenia, which is characterized by constant defects in the perception or expression of reality. On the contrary to the medical diagnosis, which suggests grossly disorganized thinking, thought processes of Nash were second to none regarding analytical, calculating ability. In this case, it is accompanied by hallucinations which he takes for real people. In medical terms, a delusion is a sensory perception which occurs without an external stimulus. Hallucinations can be of various kinds – auditory, gustatory, tactile, visual, etc., and the character of John Nash experienced their advanced mixed forms. Continue reading
Speaking about managing diversity and diversity in the workplace we should underline the concept of diversity itself. All in all it is a condition of unlike elements, a wide range or variety of something dissimilar. But transferring this concept to the workplace, it can mean the variety that exists between people of absolutely different age, sexual orientation, education, race, religion and superstition, mental and health abilities, nationality and social status, family and employee status. Most of those factors were ignored in the past, but now they are valued greatly, as they show the cultural development and play an important role in improving organizational effectiveness. According to Kelli A. Green, Mayra López, Allen Wysocki and Karl Kepner (2002), “For this reason, profit and non-profit organizations need diversity to become more creative and open to change.” Continue reading
Stress can be defined as an adverse reaction to exogenous irritants accompanied by fear. It can also bring a feeling of loss, lack of control, confusion, and aggression. Stress is manifested on both – physical and emotional levels. It can even touch mental abilities – stressed people can not concentrate on anything, lose the ability to ratiocinate. Health problems often accomplish stress. Sometimes people experience pressure and other health problems, which follow it but do not even know about that. Anxiety can be treated somewhat like a state of being than an illness and should be treated accordingly.
There are different signs of stress, such as panic, suspicion, and pain. It can be accompanied by feelings of aggression, anger, and depression. The sense of fatigue and suppression also can often become a sign of depression. Continue reading