This cultural, or if to be exact literary movement, was a part of going then political action, the primary goal of which was to struggle for independence and self-government of Ireland. Though the primary functions of writers, poets, and other cultural workers differed from the tasks of political leaders of the country, their influence on minds of Irish people was substantial. This period is characterized by increased activity of literary men, especially writers, poets and playwrights, the establishment of new theaters and the great interest of ordinary people towards Irish literary heritage. Continue reading
However, it does not necessarily mean that the arguments and theoretical arguments concerning the essence and fundamental principles of international relations. At the same time, it should be pointed out that a significant impact on the development of numerous political theories related to international relations produced and keeps producing the actual situation in the national, regional and world politics. In other words, the current situation in politics, beginning from the federal level and till the world scale, defines or, to put it more precisely, influences the theoretical issues which are developed in a particular historical period. Continue reading
The three dominant theories used in sociology are conflict theory, functionalism and symbolic interactionism. Although they have been complemented with more recent inventions such as feminism, post-modernism and post-structuralism, and social construction theory, the three remain a strong traditional framework within which a sociologist can craft hypotheses and evaluate facts.
These theories can explain a host of phenomena, including capitalism and class conflict and culture, suggesting differing accounts of them.
Functionalism is a macrosociological level theory that strives to explain various phenomena from the point of view of larger social structures. Concentrating on social order, it regards society as “a system of interrelated, interdependent parts, which are social institutions or structures, e.g. a part may be family, education, economic, religion, etc.” (van der Veen, 2003). Thus, society is perceived as objective reality measurable with the help of scientific methods, treated in the positivist vein. An individual is connected to the overall society through its structure. All the elements of structure are assumed to cooperate in a coherent manner for the improvement of the whole society. This theory is also called structural functionalism because it “emphasizes the functions within the structure of the main parts of society and the contributions of each for the overall society’s survival and growth” (Ferrante, 1998). Scholars have shown functions to be either manifest or latent, but they are inherent in every type of structure. Continue reading
The present term paper aims at analyzing global issues and challenges that now exist. Awareness is a necessary prerequisite to understanding. In today’s world, everyone must have a degree of literacy regarding the global problems, issues, concerns, and trends that increasingly impact our lives. Global literacy entails reasonable familiarity with global issues that dominate the news. It means every person should know some facts about global issues to be able to analyze others.
The essay characterizes the contemporary international political system for the economy, technology, social classes, cultures, environment problems, theoretical perspectives such as idealism, realism, liberalism and the rich and poor gap.
2. The World Economy. Rich and poor gap. Continue reading
the authority of the father, the husband, the senior of the house, the sib elder over the members of the household and sib; the rule of the master and patron over bondsmen, serfs, freedmen; of the lord over the domestic servants and household officials’ of the prince over house- and court-officials, nobles of office, clients, vassals; of the patrimonial lord and sovereign prince over the ‘subjects (Gingrich, 2002).
Whereas the utility of patriarchy in more massive social structures is a matter for a separate debate, this paper will consider arguments in favor of patriarchal arrangements within families. Inside families, patriarchy results in a specific power structure and power distribution that can provide the backbone for any family arrangements. At the same time, these benefits are accompanied by severe shortcomings that can decrease the viability of the family.
The People’s Republic of China is the biggest and the most powerful state in Asia, which impresses by dynamic development and diversity. The phenomenon of China’s economic success today is based on its culture, history, and traditions preserved for centuries and which gave a chance for such tremendous development of Chinese nation today.
Even today, China remains quite close society for Europeans, as its language, mentality, religious beliefs and social philosophy are unique and different from Western ones. The Chinese language is spoken by more than one billion people; it has many different dialects but has the only written communication, with hieroglyphs, which have the same meaning for all dialects (as different words may sound differently on local dialects). The Chinese language played a key-uniting factor in the establishment of Chinese national identity and unity for centuries. Continue reading
The eight stages include: Continue reading
Psychological Egoism versus Ethical Egoism
Although both notions deal with inherent egoism present in human beings, they differ in their approach to it. Proponents of psychological egoism insist that egoism in human beings is unavoidable reality. People, they believe, are prone to act in such a way that their self-interest comes first in all situations.
First of all, the growing social protection and multiple social and religious organizations attract public attention to this problem. Another reason is a growing number of women who use different kinds of drugs during pregnancy. Statistics show the tendency of drug use increase during pregnancy. “According to hospital surveys, approximately 11 percent of pregnant women use at least one of the following drugs: heroin, methadone, amphetamines, PCP, marijuana, and cocaine.” (Chasnoff, 1998) Continue reading