Father-children relationship has for a long time been restricted by the image of men attending to more “manly” occupations than spending time with their kids. Raising children was considered a woman’s main task, just like house cleaning or cooking in which men were supposed to play only a marginal role. On the contrary, pursuing ambitious careers was men’s assignment. The past century saw a dramatic shift in these rigid gender roles. More and more women enter careers that were previously considered men’s realm, and more fathers realize that spending time with their children is an enjoyable and meaningful pastime.
Men are discovering that why women are so taken with the challenging task of children’s upbringing. To both parents, this is a serious investment in their children’s future, as well as an opportunity to share their ideas about life. Men who were typically expected to care for the child already after they begin to look and act more rational now begin to take active part in their children’s lives from early on. At ANZ bank, for example, there were no men willing to take a parental leave in 1993. In 1996, 12 turned up with such requests, and then their number rose to 23 in 2002 (Nixon & Pryor 2002). The organisation had to replace its “working mothers’ group” to “working parents’ group” because the meetings were attended by fathers as well as mothers. Continue reading
Matt Cartmill’s article The Gift of Gab, published in Discover, in November, 1998, analyses the phenomenon of human languages, describes different hypotheses of its genesis, and talks about its significance for the development of human specie. At the beginning of the article the author emphasizes that language is the thing that made humans dominant specie on our planet. He proves that “Without language, we would be only a sort of upright chimpanzee with funny feet and clever hands”. This article talks about the research conducted for to find out when our ancestors began to talk, and why it happened, describing different kinds of research methods that were used for to define whether the ancient creatures, whose remains were found in different places of our planet, had had an ability to speak. The scientists have looked for “…signs in the impressions left by the brain on the inner surfaces of fossil skulls, particularly impressions made by parts of the brain called speech areas”. Unfortunately, this research didn’t give the desired results, thus the scientists tried to analyze the peculiarities of the vocal tract of the fossils they found. Continue reading
The interest rates need to be increased only when the economy is believed to be growing extremely well and thus possibly overheating. Increased interest rates imply higher costs of borrowing for banks and businesses and in theory is meant to discourage borrowings for business purposes and thus somewhat slowing economic activity.
One needs to remember that the interest rates indeed make sense in situations when they have reached a certain level and make material difference to the businesses.
Furthermore, one cannot indefinitely lower the interest rates since they cannot go below 0%. So, when the interest rates fall to about 1.0-1.5% the Fed becomes incapable of solving problems in the US economy by manipulating the interest rates. The current fed funds rates are 3.5% which gives the Fed a relatively large leeway for maneuvering. From 2002 to 2004, the interest rates would vary around 1%-2%, so the current 3.5% rates are rather high. The rates in the 1990s would fluctuate around 4-5%. Thus, one can see the reasoning why the Fed strives to raise the interest rates (Cochrane, 2004). Continue reading
The human body has specific genes that defend organism during hard times. The recent researches indicate that these genes can also improve the overall well-being and even prolong the life. David Sinclair and Lenny Guarente in their article “Unlocking the Secrets of Longevity Genes” investigate how understanding of genes’ work can reveal the keys to banishing the diseases of old age. Old age for a long time has been considered to be a logical biological stage of human development, as if the “aging” genes come into play when the body enters the stage of maturity. But is it possible to stop and even reverse the process of aging?
My personal opinion is that the process of aging cannot and should not be stopped. It is similar to death penalty when one human decides whether the person should live. The same is with aging – humans were created with some purpose and nobody can step over them. For example, animals have genes as well and every single creature in the world goes through developmental stages: birth, growth, maturity and death. Nevertheless, if to assume the position that the understanding of genes will help human body to fight with the diseases, such knowledge can be used for good purposes. It is not a secret to anybody that with aging humans become more vulnerable to the various diseases because body tends to wear out and is unable to cope with different viruses as effectively as it was in youth. If the aging of the cells can be slowed down, many people will be released from physical problems associated with age. Let’s see what David Sinclair and Lenny Guarente think about longevity genes. Continue reading
The topic I have chosen is the study of children’s aggression in low, middle, and high income class societies. This topic is of high interest to me because I believe that the children who act aggressively do not have the genetic predisposition to violence. Aggression is learned or acquired as the result of social involvement either with friends, adults or family members. While doing the research, I will stay focused on psychological factors affecting the child behavior. I will try to identify whether the aggressive behavior depends on parental income and belonging to the particular class. I am confident that specific and supported by evidence, not theories, trend cannot be traced because violence occurs with children from any social class.
I plan to investigate what exactly causes aggressive behavior – lack of communication with parents, absence of role models, family problems having reflection on children, income, school, and of course mass media. For several decades it has been debates whether the media, movies and music with violence in particular, eventually lead to aggression. Continue reading
For many centuries people were measuring their accomplishments in different ways. For some of them, fame and money were the measurement of their success. For some those were great spiritual accomplishments or, perhaps, great inventions that were to make peoples’ lives better. Our modern civilization owes a lot to those great people.
However, there are challenges in life of every person, since if there are no obstacles there personality just won’t form within the body. And for every person it is important to try hard to accomplish the goal and be strong in going that. Like Winston Churchill said: “Never give in, never, never, never, never…”
For me such challenge was a bit unusual. It is well known that paper cranes are a significant symbol for Chinese people and I’m not an exception. In fact this symbol has a special meaning for me. Paper crane is a symbol of hope that reminds us not to give up. I’ve learned it when I was only 4 years old. Continue reading
The corporation of the future will surely represent a serious difference from today’s corporate environments on many issues including the structure, organisation, management patterns, communication, technology, leadership patterns, and the rest. The roles of major players including employees, managers, investors and other stakeholders are also going to change. The cornerstone of organisational development, the management-employee relations and the role of the manager inside the organisation is likely to undergo a profound change.
In today’s organisations, the roles of the worker and the manager are typically sharply delineated. Every employee realizes the scope of his or her own duties, and if someone has a problem with such understanding, this person is quickly shown where one’s responsibilities end, and the role of the manager begins. A change in the worker-manager division of labor would begin with greater flexibility in defining who will perform managerial duties. This trend is visible today when employees are assembled in project teams and given temporary or permanent assignments that they had never tackled before. In the organisation of the future, as the expertise and knowledge of workers will increase, the manager will have greater freedom when he or she steps out of the office and appoints others to oversee the process. As rank-and-file employees increase their capacity for decision-making, shifts in power will become less noticeable because people will be able to fulfil more duties than they do today. Continue reading
The recent proposal to divert 5% of the school revenue to offer free services to non-student members of the local community seems unfeasible from the viewpoint of the student community. It will contribute to the rise of the already high tuition fees, decrease the quality of services delivered to students, and stand in the way of organisational development. This sizeable amount of money can most definitely be put to better use.
The revenue of the college is derived almost in total from students’ tuition fees that often place a heavy burden on students’ families, trying to meet the costs of the program. If the college allots 5% to delivery of services to non-students, in the next year rising expenses can force it to take the missing funds out of students’ tuitions, raising them once again. It seems that the significant cost of the program can keep away many talented individuals coming from poor family backgrounds. In this situation, every effort should be made to keep the tuition fees low, by way of eliminating unnecessary expense. Continue reading
The lesson plan is aimed at children of age 7 to 9 years old. The objective of the lesson is to provide information about the laws of nature in order to show that human beings are also animals and part of their behavior is determined by instincts.
The lesson will educate children about the difference between instincts and learned behavior and how important it is for their survival in the wild nature. They will also learn about the connection between instincts and behavior. The children will learn about the importance of the instincts in the human life that will allow them to understand human nature better and see human being as an organic part of nature. Continue reading
Ik people, the ethnic community from Uganda, have presented an interesting issue for examination since their tribe was discovered. Being hunting and gathering community, Ik people were moving around the Kidepo valley and mountains of Uganda, living in small temporary villages surrounded by outer walls.
Colin Turnbull, a famous British-American anthropologist, was studying various African tribes for many years. In one of his books, The Mountain People, Turnbull describes the Ik people in the period of close examination. Turnbull stayed with this tribe for several years and studied the Ik people’s customs, traditions, culture, and other key aspects of their life. The book was published in 1972. And it became very successful yet rather controversial. The moral aspect of The Mountain People remains a questionable issue nowadays. Turnbull studied the Ik people in very acute period for them. The area of Kidepo valley became a national park, thus the tribe had no place to hunt and feed their families. The Iks suffered soundly from famine, and Turnbull was participating in tribe life in this very period influencing significantly its moral values. Continue reading