Taking into consideration the will of Ghanaian people, their cultural traditions and historical development, the Constitution of the state of Ghana is proclaimed as the main law which regulates all civil relations within the country and subordinates all other legislative acts promulgated by Ghanaian government and parliament as well as Ghanaian people. This Constitution guarantees all citizens of Ghana, regardless their ethnicity, cultural or religious beliefs, gender, age, education, level of income, equal rights and opportunities to realize their rights. At the same time, the Constitution regulates the basic norms of life of citizen of Ghana, defines its administrative division, government and juridical system.
The Constitution of Ghana is based on the principles of equality and mutual respect of all citizens inhabiting the country. The Constitution guarantees the protection of Constitutional rights of every citizen of Ghana and prevents any attempts of oppression or discrimination. Continue reading
Ben & Jerry’s Homemade is the Vermont corporation specialized in production of low fat ice cream, low fat and no-fat frozen yogurt, market supper premium ice cream, sorbet and ice cream novelties. The products are distributed nation wide as well as in the number of the international markets through grocery stores, supermarkets, convenience stores, restaurants, scoop shops and other venues.
Ben & Jerry’s franchises scoop shops in both the U.S. and Canada. The company also has wholly-owned operations in France, Japan and the United Kingdom, and licensees in the Benelux countries, Israel, Canada, Peru and Lebanon. In 2000, Ben & Jerry’s employed 786 people worldwide. (Ben&Jerry’s –CERES Report)
Social and ecological approach
The company proclaims social welfare as one of its main objectives. Its dedication to the environmental protection is well known and is realized through the presence of the environmental managers among the top management of the company as well as at the production lines. Continue reading
Reading is very important in the process of learning. Moreover, it may influence a personality, traits of character and the development of an individual. It is particularly important to teach children to learn, to be active readers so that they could have larger prospects of personal development.
In order to better understand the necessity and the importance of reading, it is necessary to briefly define what active readers are and discuss their particular features and the prospects they have in the future as a part of the society. First of all, it should be said that active readers are extremely involved in reading and are very attentive to this process. As a rule they are “engaged in the text, they become intrigued by it, and work to discover its secret” (Crowder 1992:256). Continue reading
RicksReefs is company which markets different reefs, hard and soft corals, zoanthids, critters, and macro algae to the US customers. the company does not pursue any other lines of business yet strives to spread its services to other countries exporting the sea life abroad. Currently, the company is interested in exporting is products to Columbia and this business plan will show the ways how it can be exported to these countries.
Situational Analysis (Position the company)
The RicksReefs company is tiny, it employs only 10 people in Florida mainly on a part time basis doing some menial job with corrals. It is a business which grew out of a hobby of growing corrals, algae and other endangered aquatic species which with the help of the internet can be sold outside the hometown via some major packaging services. The company is not truly market-oriented yet rather represents the hobby of its founder. Continue reading
Pay for Performance: What does it mean?
Human Resource Management research has long focused on the topic of compensation methods. Over time, HR managers have invented a wide assortment of compensation methods that include, among others, base salaries, bonuses, commissions, piece-rate plans, profit-sharing plans, fringe benefits, etc. One of recent improvements is the pay-for-performance method. Under this system, the supervisor regularly adjusts compensation in accordance with performance. The goal of such compensation plans is usually “to improve the equity of pay practices by providing more compensation to the highest performers” (US Merit Systems Protection Board, n.d.). Employees working in organizations applying pay-for-performance to determine at least a part of their salaries are motivated to put more effort in their work to receive positive assessment from their supervisors in the process of evaluation. At times, the management chooses to base its assessment on the opinion of an employee team. This method improves cooperation and creates good conditions for teamwork. Continue reading
The purpose of this term paper is to assess and discuss advantages and disadvantages of having a single currency at the global level. At first sight, the benefits and facility of a single currency are unquestionable. However, there is a clear and consistent need of tough-but-fair evaluation of the possible consequences of this.
Starting with the positive side, introduction of a single global currency can help the process of globalization and internationalization of business. Globalization itself being a controversial phenomenon, the advocates of the idea of free-market believe that the development of business is intrinsically linked to enhancement of social well-being. One may agree or disagree with it, yet under any scenario, the reduced cost of doing business can improve its efficiency and create grounds for innovation and better human resources management.
Transaction costs would be reduced not only for business. Banking system will also be alleviated from the burden of complex operations with different currencies:
‘To the extent that the foreign exchange work performed by multiple countries is replaced by the work of a single central bank, the total costs will be reduced’ (Bonpasse, 2006, p.121). Continue reading
Speaking about back end systems of Target.com, it is primarily necessary to point out that the site declares its high responsibility for all operations it deals with. To put it more precisely, on analyzing the basic operations, such as warehousing, packaging and shipping, it is possible to say that the creators of the site attempt to be as reliable as possible. However, on a deeper look, it is getting obvious that the reliability of the site cannot be fully guaranteed.
For instance, the shipping, been an extremely important operations is actually fully outsourced to third parties and the goods the site offers are delivered by different companies. Naturally, it is necessary to admit that the company are quite respectable but still there remains a question how the site that sells a product to a customer can guarantee the delivery of this product undamaged and in time if the site does not really deal with shipping but prefers to use other companies, such as UPS, US Postal Service, Yellow Transportation, and others, to fulfill this operation. Continue reading
E-commerce starts to gain more and more popularity around the world as the economy becomes globalized and physical borders between different states and trade zones get more transparent. Now one is able to buy absolutely anything without the need to leave the house with only a few clicks of the mouse. Americans can buy from Asia, Asians can buy from Europe or Africa, or any other part of the world which
In the following essay I will answer the normative question of economics, i.e. If goods purchased on the internet should be subjected to state sales tax and the positive question, i.e. what impact the repeal in taxed goods sold on the internet will have on a state’s government and retailers. I will use educated findings together with my personal opinion.
In order to better understand the specifics of e-commerce and its taxation one should explore how ecommerce differs from regular commerce that one understands well and taxes well. Ecommerce involves distributing, buying, selling, marketing and servicing different products and services over the internet and other computer networks that are setup around the world. The IT industry views ecommerce as a part of electronic business as long as it involves commercial transactions. Ecommerce is about electronic money transfers, e-marketing, online marketing, supply chain management, online transaction processing and electronic data interchange, as well as electronic inventory management, data-collection systems and electronic communications. The typical “tools for conducting electronic business is the WWW, internet, email, cell phones, extra and intranets and portable communication technology” (Jones 311). Continue reading
Management of the organization is one of the most important issues not only for the good performance, but actually for the actual existence of an organization.
Although, management of an organization is a very wide notion that includes different levels (from a small company to the level of state, that is of cause also an organization) and different types or organizations (religious, charity, profit based etc.) there are still many common principles for all this organizations.
Hewer, companies are the most common organizations nowadays, so it is worthwhile to examine the general principles and specific occasions of management for this particular type of organization. Continue reading
Morality along with moral values and ethics are one of the central concepts in the life of every person, family, nationality and world as a whole. It took thousands of years for people to develop certain patterns of behavior following principles of ethics. Being one of the main branches of philosophy, ethics is concerned with studying human beings, their behavior and thoughts, teaching people how to take the right action, how to treat each other, explaining such concepts as love and respect, friendship, family and others. Indeed, ethics is one of the fundamental sciences, which played a great role in the moral development of the humanity. Establishing certain norms, or rules of behavior, ethics predetermined the patterns of behavior for people living in different countries during different historical periods. Of course, every generation has its own moral and ethical values which are more preferred than others; however, there is a certain standard in ethical science which is used in every country, culture or religion worldwide. Ethics acknowledges that all people are different and that all of us face certain difficulties at some points of our lives, however, it emphasizes the importance of usage of moral principles and values when dealing with any kind of problems. As a science, ethics adopted various theories, and every one of them has its followers and opponents. Two ethical theories will be discussed in the current paper. They are Mill’s Utilitarian Theory and Kant’s Deontological Theory. Continue reading