Essay on Abortion Should Be Illegal
Should Be Illegal Essay:
The partisans of abortions believe in the inalienable right of a woman to have an abortion and insist on its legality. According to their position, the woman has the right to have an abortion, as an extension of the right of a person to be master her own body. It is assumed that the embryo is neither a person, nor a human being. The main ambiguity in this approach is the deadline by which a human embryo should be recognized as human being (for example, the period of the nervous system development) or a person (the appearance of the possibility to feel and suffer, or memory).
Some believe that embryo cannot be considered a human being. One of the objections against the recognition the embryo as a human being up to certain time is based on the fact that prior to the eighth week of a foetus development it has no human face.
Supporters of abortion believe that the embryo is not a human being until it reaches such a state, when there is exactly definable human form of the body. It is stated that the embryo at the beginning of its development is not very different from any other human cells, millions of which are killed every day. Sam Harry notes that every cell in the body of every person is a potential human being. Each pair of gametes (sperm + egg) is a potential human being with a uniquely defined genome, but pro-life advocates are not trying to save the sperm and unfertilized eggs.
In turn, Richard Dawkins, in his book The God Delusion, notes that at the rational approach, as opposed to the religious, the essential question is not “whether the embryo is a human being,” but “whether the embryo is able to suffer?” or “who will experience more pain as a result of abortion decision / rejection of abortion – the embryo or the mother?”, noting that prior to the formation of the nervous system of the fetus, we cannot in any manner talk about senses in embryo, and in the early stages of the formation of the nervous system of the embryo is clearly experiencing less suffering than a cow in a slaughterhouse.
Another argument to support legality of abortion mentions the threat to life of the mother. In this case, the arguments in favor of abortion are based on the recognition of secondary importance of doomed fetus whose life is de facto no longer be considered fully human.
The threat of foetus severe pathology is another, according to which an abortion is considered as a means of preventing the birth of a child with serious pathologies, incompatible with life or limiting life the of infant to 0.5-2 years, etc.
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