In most countries, tourism plays a huge role in the economy, solve the problems in the promotion of social development in the regions, as well as brings an additional flow of substantial funds in the state treasury. Tourism accounts for about ten percent of the world’s gross national product, global investments, all jobs, and global consumer spending.
The development of tourism has a stimulating effect on economic sectors such as transport, communications, trade, construction, agriculture, consumer goods, and is one of the most promising areas of economic restructuring.
Since the early eighties of the last century, one of the priorities of travel is ecotourism, which is intended to protect nature.
So we can talk here about the phenomenon of the so-called ecotourism, a special sector of tourism, which, according to some estimates, covering more than ten per cent of the tourist market, and its growth rate is two to three times higher than the corresponding rates in the whole travel industry.
The term “ecotourism” is a abbreviation from “ecological tourism.” Ecological is not the only definition you can met in the English language and, accordingly, in the American, Canadian, British, Australian literature and the literature of many other countries to identify new trends in tourism that have emerged in the last decade as a result of the influence of the ideas of the green movement and the development of ecological worldview. The terms “green tourism” and “nature tourism” are also commonly used for the purpose. In German-speaking countries, the term Sifter Tourismus is most widely accepted, which can be translated into English as soft tourism. Usually soft tourism opposed to cruel, whose main objective is to maximize profits, while the soft tourism’s priority is not only a successful business, but also care about the welfare of the cultural tourist regions, sparing the use and reproduction of their resources, minimizing environmental damage. It should, however, be noted that often a soft tourism implies the most intimate contact with wildlife.
There are quite a few different definitions of ecotourism, each of which identifies certain important aspects of the latter. Taken together, these definitions adequately describe the diversity and evolution of ideas about the goals and objectives of the new tourist industry. The main objective of the new tourism, originally defined as quiet or calm, is to provide long-term physical and spiritual relaxation for as many as possible number of people in direct contact with nature, meeting the needs of vacationers, as well as the long-term interests of local residents. Recommended types of activities, adequate to quiet tourism, later known as soft tourism, are quiet, non-equipped activity, i.e., walking, biking or riding, swimming, skiing, etc.
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