Feminism is a set of political ideas, philosophical and social seeking to define, promote, and establish the rights of women in the civil society and private sphere. It is embodied in organizations whose objectives are to abolish the social, economic, political, legal, and cultural inequalities, whose victims are women.
If the term “feminism” took its current meaning at the end of the nineteenth century, the ideas of women’s liberation have their roots in the Age of Enlightenment and older movements or struggles in other historical contexts. The main objective of the “first wave of feminism” was to reform the institutions, so that men and women become equal before the law: the right to education, right to work, the right to control their property, and voting rights of women were the main demands of the period.
The feminist movement has produced a wide variety of sociological and philosophical analysis. The second wave of feminism, which occurs in the late 1960s, with the birth of the Movement for the Liberation of Women (MLF) and the Women’s Lib, has developed several concepts that intended to define the specificity of the women discrimination. The concept of patriarchy was subjected to reformulation and the concept of sexism was developed during this period. The claims relating the right of women to control their own bodies (abortion, contraception) were placed in the foreground, but more broadly, it was the construction of new gender relations called for by the feminists of the second wave. In this perspective, the concept of “gender” means “denaturalization” of the relationship between the sexes. The third wave of feminism, appeared in the 1990s, is referred to a wide range of claims raised by feminist activists from minority groups, in the wake of Black Feminism.
The term “feminism” has long been wrongly attributed to Fourier. It could be borrowed from Alexandre Dumas son, who wrote in 1872: “Feminists, allow me this neologism, say all evil comes from the unwillingness of the society to acknowledge the fact that woman is equal to man, she should be given the same education and the same rights as men.” However, it had taken its current meaning by the late nineteenth century. It was during the French Revolution, with the assertion of natural laws, that the movement for these social and political claims was born.
You can use free sample essay topics on feminism to learn that it appeared in the first half of the nineteenth century, but failed to unite sustainable organizations. It participated in the great political upheavals of the century, during which its claims resurfaced. With the emergence of the Western democracies, the feminist movement gradually embodied in organized groups, without presenting a monolithic face to the point that contemporary studies focus on the diversity of feminism.
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