Multivitamins are the complex drugs containing in the same volume, calculated for the one-time reception (tablet, capsule, soluble tablet, etc.), two or more vitamins. Many preparations contain some inorganic substances (minerals) and can be called dietary supplements. Composition and amount of vitamins and minerals in a single tablet (dose) varies depending on the purpose of the preparation.
Multivitamins are complex product containing a complex of vitamins and minerals, which are important factors in metabolic processes. Vitamin A is involved in the synthesis of different substances (proteins, lipids, mucopolysaccharides) and ensures the normal function of the skin, mucous membranes, and the organ of vision. Vitamin D3 plays an important role in maintaining the balance of Ca2 + and phosphorus in the body. Vitamin B1 normalizes heart function and promotes normal functioning of the nervous system. Vitamin B2 contributes to the regeneration of tissues, including skin cells.
Vitamin B6 helps to maintain the structure and function of bone, teeth, gums affect erythropoiesis, contributes to the normal functioning of the nervous system. Vitamin B12 is involved in erythropoiesis, contributes to the normal functioning of the nervous system. B vitamins are involved in the formation of the various enzymes that regulate metabolism. Vitamin C is involved in the oxidation of a number of biologically active substances, the regulation of metabolism in the connective tissues, carbohydrate metabolism, blood coagulation and tissue regeneration, stimulates the formation of steroid hormones, normalizes capillary permeability. Vitamin C increases the body’s resistance to infection, reduces the inflammatory response. Vitamin B5 is a part of coenzyme A, which plays an important role in the acetylation and oxidation. Activates the metabolic processes in the tissues, improves energy supply to myocardial contractile function, and improves the course of regeneration. Folic acid stimulates erythropoiesis. Ca2 + is involved in the formation of bone tissue, blood clotting, nerve impulse transmission, clonus of skeletal and smooth muscle, normal operation of the heart. It also facilitates removal of Fe. Phosphorus, along with Ca2 +, is involved in the formation of bones and teeth and is also involved in the processes of energy metabolism.
Multivitamins are mostly used as a prophylactic drug for conditions accompanied by increased requirements for vitamins: fatigue in children, increased physical and neuro-psychological load, lack of appetite, and irregular, defective or monotonous diet, during convalescence after illness, to enhance the body’s resistance to infectious and catarrhal disease, comprehensive treatment of the application of chemotherapeutic drugs.
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