War against Terrorism Essay:
The war against terrorism is the military campaign launched by the United States, under the government of George W. Bush, with the support of Britain, the rest of NATO countries and a number of other countries. The campaign was launched after the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 against the United States. The goal of the campaign was to eliminate the al-Qaeda and affiliated terrorist regimes.
Both the term and the policies used were controversial, as critics have argued that they ware used to justify wars, human rights abuses, and other violations of international law.
Critics have said that the war against terrorism is a “permission” for a “permanent war” as the United States has put forward uncertain goals and the definition of terrorist groups is quite blurred.
January 11, 2002 the Guantanamo base began to be used as a prison camp for suspected terrorists. The prisoners are detained there without trial or formal criminal charges and are interrogated with torture-like methods. Because of that, the U.S. met much international criticism, and is considered by, among others, Amnesty International, Human Rights Watch, Red Cross, and the Center for Constitutional Rights, violating human rights and the Geneva Convention. After Barack Obama became the U.S. president, he wrote in late January 2009 a warrant for the detention facility would be shut down within a year. However, the closure of the camp is still delayed.
A report in December 2012 from the US-based Global Terrorism Index finds that the war on terror has made the terror far worse, even if it took place elsewhere than in the United States. In the decade after the attack 11 September 2001, roughly 90,000 people became victims of terrorism, half of them in three countries: Iraq, Afghanistan, and Pakistan. The worst year was 2007 when the Iraqi al-Qaeda-inspired resistance to the U.S. occupation culminated.
Terrorism in Afghanistan and Pakistan also took off after the U.S. invasion of Iraq.
Amnesty International has argued that the Patriot Act gives the U.S. government free rein to violate the civil rights of Americans from their constitution. The government Bush’s use of torture and secret prisons, etc. has increased resistance to the war against terrorism.
International support of the war on terrorism has declined over time, both in terms of public opinion and at the level of the governments. In 2002, a large majority of the country-members in the war against terrorism led by the U.S. such as the UK, France, Germany, Japan, India, and Russia reconsidered their positions. The internal support of the U.S. population is also increasable less palpable.
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